According to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, sleep disorders affect between 50 and 70 million Americans and lost productivity and mishaps due to fatigue cost businesses roughly $150 billion, while accidents involving tired drivers cost at least $48 billion a year. In 2007 the American Academy of Sleep Medicine reported on a study by the National Transportation Safety Board on how sleep deprivation affects air traffic controllers and other shift workers. The report noted that in four instances since 2001 in which air traffic controllers who were sleep deprived and were feeling tired made serious, on-the-job mistakes. The NTSB researchers identified three factors that played key roles in sleep loss: poor scheduling and rotating shifts that prevent the body from adapting to a new schedule; short rest periods that left too little time for the seven to eight hours of sleep that most adults need; and bad habits – spending too much time doing something other than sleeping. In September 2010, researchers from Washington State University discovered the mechanism by which the brain switches from a wakeful to a sleeping state. The mechanism is a cascade of chemical transmitters and proteins that they reported that ATP (adenosine triphosphate), the fundamental energy currency of cells, is released by active brain cells to start the molecular events leading to sleep. ATP binds to a receptor responsible for cell processing and the release of cytokines, small signaling proteins involved in sleep regulation.
On of the main things we assist people in doing at the Brain Training Centers of Florida is sleep better without medications.
Francis J. (Skip) Flynn, Psy. D. 7740 Southwest 52 Avenue Miami, Florida 33143